Having a formal or informal hedge can play an important role in the structure or character of a garden. They can act as a living barrier and add different colors, textures, or shapes than a typical fence. Hedges or screens also make excellent windbreaks or noise barriers (all depending on the type of plants you choose).
Hedges/Screens can be planted any way you wish, but there are two common practices for the plant placement. First, and the most common, is a single row. The
works very well for formal hedges or areas where you want a nice screen without taking up too much yard space. plantings are ideal for denser or wider hedges. For a dense double row hedge, we recommend staggering the plants so there are no empty spaces between the rows. These wider hedges are ideal for windbreaks. For a natural look use a variety of plants with different colors, textures, and flowering times.
need regular clipping to maintain their shape. For most plants you can trim them twice a year, continue reading for more information on pruning times on specific plants. Formal hedges can be pruned with shears or an electric trimmer. It is always a good idea to trim your hedge to be slightly wider at the base than the top. This helps to deflect strong winds and allows sunlight to reach the bottom of the plant. If you are considered about heavy snow sitting on the top of your formal hedges, trim the tops to point. require less maintenance, but still need regular shaping. For the most natural look use hand pruners.
Arborvitae (Thuja) :: trim in the spring and early fall
Bayberry (Myrica) :: trim 2-3 times a year
Beech (Fagus) :: trim once in the later summer
Boxwood (Buxus) :: trim 2-3 times a year
False Cypress (Chamaecyparis) :: trim 2-3 times a year
Hawthorn (Crataegus) :: trim twice a year, once in the summer and the fall
Holly (Ilex) :: trim in late summer
Hornbeam (Carpinus) :: trim once in mid-late summer
Lavender (Lavandula) :: low hedge - trim after flowering (spring)
Privet (Ligustrum) :: trim 2-3 times a year
White Pine (Pinus strobus) :: prune as the candles extend
Yew (Taxus) :: trim 2-3 times a year during the summer and fall
Azalea (Azalea) :: flowers in early spring, evergreen varieties work best for hedges
Barberry (Berberis) :: trim in the summer
Dogwood (Cornus) :: trim in fall, remove old canes to rejuvenate plants
Forsythia (Forsythia) :: trim after flowering
Holly/Winterberry (Ilex) :: trim in summer, less trimming than for formal hedge
Juniper (Juniperus) :: requires very little trimming
Lavender (Lavandula) :: trim in spring after flowering
Lilac (Syringa) :: trim immediately after flowering
Mock Orange (Philadelphus) :: shape up in summer
Ninebark (Physocarpus) :: shape up in late summer
Quince (Chaenomeles) :: trim immediately after flowering
Rose (Rosa) :: trim back long shoots in the winter, cut back to 12-18" in the spring when the buds first start coming out
Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus) :: trim in spring
Sandcherry (Prunus x cistena) :: trim in winter, remove any vigorous shoots
Viburnum (Viburnum) :: trim mid- summer (usually no later than mid July)
While we strive for complete and correct information, not all plants grow true to their form and can not be guaranteed to grow as described.